[Eeglablist] ICA problem - using PCA to reduce number of 'channels' for ICA

Keith Yoder kjyoder at gmail.com
Wed Jun 9 13:10:32 PDT 2010


I have a related question:

We are recording using 128-channel BioSemi cap, plus four ocular leads and
two mastoid leads.  All of the data are referenced to the right mastoid
(leaving EEG.data with 133 rows).  We would like to use ICA, but have found
that 133 components is too many (e.g. a CNV which is clear in the electrodes
does not fall out as a component, but can be isolated with PCA using 5
components).

Have other users had success using PCA to pre-process the data before
passing them to ICA, so as to reduce the number of components identified by
the ICA algorithm?

A possible solution that I have been trying to implement would use PCA to
identify a more reasonable number of components (e.g. 64) to then pass to
ICA (all using runica):

% after using runica with " ,'pca',64 " to define 64 PCAs
% manually prepare component activations for ICA as if they were
% data from EEG.data (as laid out in pop_runica)
>> tmpdata = reshape(EEG.icaact(:,:,:),64,EEG.pnts*EEG.trials);
>> tmpdata = tmpdata - repmat(mean(tmpdata,2), [1 size(tmpdata,2)]);
>> [EEG.icaweights, EEG.icasphere] = runica(tmpdata, 'lrate', 0.001,
'interupt','on');

However, this call to runica returns the component weights and sphering for
the ICA decomposition of the PCA-defined components, rather than ICA-defined
weights and sphering for 64 ICs for our 133 channels. Has anyone had success
with a technique along similar lines?

Alternatively, I could simply remove electrodes from EEG.data until I am
left with 64 channels, but I am wary of throwing out data entirely.

We are running EEGLAB 7.2.9.20b in 64-bit Matlab 7.10.0 (R2010a) in Mac OS X
10.5.7.

Many thanks,
Keith
--
Keith Yoder
Research Aide
Laboratory for the Neuroscience of Autism
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY
574.215.9678


On Mon, Feb 1, 2010 at 5:26 PM, Scott Makeig <smakeig at gmail.com> wrote:

> Joe is correct that ICA will not converge if the rank of the data matrix is
> less than the number of channels. The runica/binica algorithms are supposed
> to test the rank of the input data. If two channels are identical, or if
> some subset of n channels are otherwise interdependent, then the rank will
> be less than the number of channels and PCA reduction should be applied to
> remove the redundancy and allow the ICA decomposition to converge.
>
> Arno -- There was a problem with the Matlab rank() function on 64-bit
> machines, I believe. Has this been solved and Is the auto rank detection ->
> PCA option currently implemented in runica/binica?  Perhaps we could add a
> 'toy' rank() function pre-test (e.g. finding the rank of a small full-rank
> matrix to detect if rank() is working...) ? If so, run the rank test; if
> not, then warn the user or build a work-around rank function that will work
> properly?
>
> Scott
>
>
> On Mon, Feb 1, 2010 at 6:56 AM, Joseph Dien <jdien07 at mac.com> wrote:
>
>> When you say "so long", how long do you mean?  While ICA is not by its
>> nature a fast procedure, certain datasets can take much longer than usual.
>>  For example, I find that if two channels are perfectly correlated (1 or -1)
>> then an ICA run will take much longer.  This can happen if the data is mean
>> mastoid referenced and both channels are explicitly included in the data
>> because they will have a perfect -1 correlation (see Dien, 1998 for
>> reference issues).  It can also happen if a channel is shorted out during
>> acquisition and the reference channel is explicitly included because then
>> they will have a perfect correlation.  Also if two channels are shorted
>> together during the data acquisition they will be perfectly correlated with
>> each other.  My EP Toolkit (
>> https://sourceforge.net/projects/erppcatoolkit/) has code for dealing
>> with these situations so you might want to look into it.  It implements an
>> automated artifact correction routine that relies on EEGlab's runICA code,
>> among!
>>  other things.
>>
>> Cheers!
>>
>> Joe
>>
>>
>>
>> On Jan 29, 2010, at 4:49 AM, peng wang wrote:
>>
>> > Hi there,
>> >
>> >    I am using ICA to remove blinks via EEGLab. My dataset has 122
>> channels, and it takes so long to compute 122 components.
>> >    (1) So I tried to use the option "ncomps" (say, 24) to reduce the
>> number of components. However, an error message appears after computing:
>> "Matrix dimensions must agree".
>> >
>> >    (2) Then I tried fastICA instead as following,
>> >
>> > ==================
>> >  sz = size(EEG.data);
>> >  nchans = sz(1);
>> >  npts = sz(2);
>> >  ntrials = sz(3);
>> >  clear sz;
>> >  nICs = 24;
>> >  data = reshape(EEG.data,nchans,npts*ntrials);
>> >  [ica,V,W] = fastica(data,'numOfIC',nICs,'approach','symm');
>> >  EEG.icasphere = eye(nchans);
>> >  EEG.icaact = single(reshape(ica,nICs,npts,ntrials));
>> >  EEG.icawinv = V;
>> >  EEG.icaweights = W;
>> >  EEG = eeg_checkset( EEG );
>> >  clear V W ica data;
>> >
>> >  EEG = pop_saveset( EEG, 'filename','test_raw_ica');
>> > ==================
>> >
>> >    Everything seems fine. But when I reject the blink component via GUI
>> of eeglab and load the data again, Something strange happens. It seems the
>> amplitude of EEG.data become much smaller, about in  -1~1 range.  Thus I
>> wonder whether there was some normalization behind, and how can I correct
>> it? The problem would not repeat if I choose the number of components same
>> as channels event in fast ICA (e.g. change to "nICs = nchans" in the above
>> code).
>> >
>> >    Thank you for your help.
>> >
>> > best
>> > Peng
>> > _______________________________________________
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>>
>>
>> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>
>> Joseph Dien,
>> Senior Research Scientist
>> University of Maryland
>> 7005 52nd Avenue
>> College Park, MD 20742-0025
>>
>> E-mail: jdien07 at mac.com
>> Phone: 301-226-8848
>> Fax: 301-226-8811
>> http://homepage.mac.com/jdien07/
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
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>
>
>
> --
> Scott Makeig, Research Scientist and Director, Swartz Center for
> Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of
> California San Diego, La Jolla CA 92093-0961, http://sccn.ucsd.edu/~scott
>
> _______________________________________________
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