[Eeglablist] Statistical test
cyril pernet
cyril.pernet at ed.ac.uk
Fri Jan 27 03:24:09 PST 2017
Subject:
Re: [Eeglablist] Statistical test
From:
Makoto Miyakoshi <mmiyakoshi at ucsd.edu>
Date:
25/01/2017 01:53
To:
ali zahedi <ali.zahedi.bham at gmail.com>
CC:
EEGLAB List <eeglablist at sccn.ucsd.edu>
Dear Ali,
It is not totally clear, but the attached figure looks as if you have 2
x 2 x 2 design. In this case, what you need is 3 way ANOVA. Of course,
you can apply t-test from the beginning as planned test, but that can be
recommended only when a small subset of the t-tests are of your interest
(you don't want to repeat it too many times because of multiple
comparison correction issues.)
So, why don't you try repeated measures 3 way, 2 x 2 x 2 ANOVA.
Makoto
--> just to add that this can easily be done using the LIMO EEG toolbox
(model the 6 conditions per subject then do an ANOVA across subjects)
Cyril
On Mon, Jan 23, 2017 at 10:05 AM, ali zahedi <ali.zahedi.bham at gmail.com
<mailto:ali.zahedi.bham at gmail.com>> wrote:
Dear List,
I am working on EEG signal processing and I need to apply
statistical test on my findings (paired t-test). However, I am not
confident in selecting the significance level which is usually set
as 0.05 or 0.01, and I am not completely sure if the paired t-test I
have used is correct or not.
I have 20 EEG datasets collected from 20 individuals, and want to
classify relaxation versus stress. For pre-processing the data I
applied a chain of 3 different filters (F2,F3 and F4 as shown in the
attached figure); which resulted in 8 different pre-processing
modes. After filtering I used 2 different classification method (Red
and Green bars in the attached figure) on the preprocessed data to
see which classification method works best. Furthermore, I want to
see if different filters that I have used have significant effect on
the performance of the classification methods.
As you can see I have three different factors which may affect
performance of the 2 classification methods.
In order to evaluate the obtained results I performed a paired
t-test on the results.
In the first step, I wanted to check if performance of the 2
classification methods is different significantly. Therefore, I
divided my data into 2 groups of each having 160 samples (20
subjects * 8 modes) and performed a paired t-test.
In the next step, I wanted to check if different filters have
significant effect on the performance of the classification methods
or not. Therefore, I divided the data into the following paired groups:
Pair1= Group 1: F2 is applied (F21) Group 2: F2 is not applied (F20)
Pair2= Group 1: F3 is applied (F31) Group 2: F3 is not applied (F30)
Pair3= Group 1: F4 is applied (F41) Group 2: F4 is not applied (F40)
Each of the groups in the pairs consist of 160 samples (20 subjects
* 2 classification methods * 4 modes).
In my test I considered p<0.05 as the significant level. I heard
that 0.05 is not always correct to be selected and it might be
divided by the number of measurements/repetitions due to
Bonferroni correction. For example here 0.05/3.
Is Bonferroni correction necessary to be applied? and what would be
the significance level here? Is the paired t-test correct to use here?
I really appreciate it if you could help me with this.
Regards,
Ali
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